Awarded Victoria Cross
10 July 1941
(VC) London Gazette: 24 October 1941, Publication date: 28 October 1941, Supplement:
35325, Page: 6237, position 1.
"FOR MOST CONSPICIOUS BRAVERY"
The first British medal to be created for bravery, the Victoria Cross was instituted in 1856,
with the first recipients being personnel honoured for their gallantry during the Crimean War.
The bronze Cross, which bears the inscription "For Valour", is cast from the metal of Russian guns captured at Sevastopol during the Crimean campaign.
It is awarded "for most conspicuous bravery, or some daring or pre-eminent act of valour or self-sacrifice, or extreme devotion to duty in the presence of the enemy."
(Source Discription:) Ministry of Defence Factsheet: